Human Papilloma Virus cause prevention and vaccination

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What is HPV?

Human papillomavirus (HPV), Herpes Simplex and Chlamydia are the most common sexually transmitted Infection. HPV is women and men is very common especially who are sexually active. There are more than 40 types of HPV viruses which can even cause cancers and genital warts. But HPV vaccines can stop them problems from happening. There is a proper HPV vaccine schedule that needs to be followed after doctor’s consultation.

As far as oral HPV is concerned, it is a fact that it is more common in men than in women.

HPV’s fall into two basic categories:

  1. Low-risk HPV which can cause skin warts but doesn’t cause cancer
  2. High-risk HPV which can cause cancer. Around a dozen HPVs have been known as high-risk HPVs till now.

How can you get HPV?

HPV can be spread via direct skin contact during anal, vaginal or oral sex with someone who is infected with HPV.

Does HPV go away?

Usually yes it does go away on its own and without causing any health problems. But when it does not go away on its own then it does create health problems like cancer and warts.

HPV Signs and Symptoms

Genital or HPV warts which are a symptom of HPV usually appears as a single or groups of bumps in the genital area and can be large or small, flat or raised or even shaped like a cauliflower. They can be on the cervix, anus, groin, scrotum, penis or thigh. Doctors can diagnose them by looking at the genital area. Genital warts can show up on the body weeks or months after having sexual contact with an HPV infected person infected.

HPV test for women

The HPV test detects the presence of papilloma virus which is a virus that can lead to the development of, abnormal cervical cells, genital warts or cervical cancer.

Doctors recommend the HPV test if the patient’s PAP test comes abnormal and also if they are aged 30 or older. The HPV test is only available for women and till today, no tests exists to detect HPV in men.

Can HPV be prevented?

Yes, there are certain FDA approved HPV vaccines that can prevent certain diseases including cervical cancer. There are HPV vaccines for men and women both. After consulting your doctor, these HPV vaccinations can be taken to prevent this disease.

 

HPV Treatment

There is no treatment for HPV virus itself, but treatments are available for the problems the virus causes:

  • Genital warts: They may grow, remain the same or go away on their own and can be removed with medications.
  • Abnormal cervical cells: They usually become normal with time but at times can turn into cancer. If these cells remain abnormal, treatment needs to be done to prevent cervical cancer.
  • Cervical Cancer: Mostly treatable when it is diagnosed at early stages. Treatment is also based on the women’s age, severity of the cancer, other tests and past medical history. Cervical cancer can be prevented by cervical cancer vaccines but proper HPV immunization schedule has to be followed.
  • Other HPV cancers: Treatable usually when diagnosed at early stages.

HPV and Pregnancy

Pregnant women who have HPV don’t have to worry about their disease harming the child since the virus does not affect the developing baby mostly. There is very low risk of miscarriage or other complications.  But women should let their obstetrician known about it.

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