The Dangerous Effects of Drug Addiction on Human Health
A drug is a chemical that affects the way your body work and change a person’s mental or physical state. Most drugs are used for the treatment of medical conditions but some are used because of the effect that they have our minds. Drugs pass from the body into the brain and interfere with messages the brain cells pass to each other.
What is drug addiction?
Drug addiction which is also known as substance use disorder is dependence on an illegal or legal medication or drug. When a person is addicted to a drug, they are not able to control the drug use even know they know how harmful it is. A drug addict feels intense craving for the drug and can’t quite its usage easily.
Drug addiction is quite common these days. Some of the famous drug addicts include Drew Barrymore, Lindsay Lohan, Heath ledger, Jason Cook, Johnny Depp, Marilyn Monroe, Kurt Cobain, Brittney Spears, Snoop Dog and many more.
Club drugs are very common these days and include ecstasy, GHD, ketamine, LSD etc, These drugs are used by young adults and teenagers at nightclubs, bars, parties and concerts.
Another common drug these among teens and young adults is bath salt drug. They are designer recreational drugs and relatively new. They are white or brown crystal like powder and its packaging says ‘not for human consumption’ only to avoid detection by the DEA or the police.
Causes of drug addiction
Many factors may lead to drug and alcohol abuse and also drug addiction. The major ones are mentioned below:
- Environmental factors like a person’s family’s attitudes or beliefs, peer pressure from friends who encourage drug abuse.
- Maybe genetic – it is possible that once a person starts using a drug he may become an addict more quickly due to influence of his/her genetic traits.
- People take drugs for anxiety, depression, mood disorders etc and they take them very frequently. This drug abuse eventually leads to drug addiction.
Effects of drug addiction
- These days most illnesses, disabilities and deaths occur from substance abuse as compared to any other preventable health condition.
- People who are drug addicts have a higher risk of accidents, unintentional injuries, accidents, death and numerous medical problems.
- Health problems like cardiovascular conditions, weak immune system, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, seizures, stroke and even body changes such as development of breasts in men.
- Behavioral problems like Aggressiveness, Addiction, Impulsiveness, and Impaired Judgment etc.
Drug Addiction Treatment
Drug and alcohol addiction treatment can include behavioral therapies or medications and even a combination of both.
Treatment medications are given to people who are addicted to opioids, tobacco, alcohol and others.Treatments for prescription drug abuse can be similar to those for illicit drugs that affect the same brain systems. For example, buprenorphine which is used to treat heroin addiction can also be used to treat addiction to opioid pain medications. Prescription stimulants addiction affects the same brain systems as the illicit stimulants like cocaine, can be treated with behavioral therapies, since there aren’t any medications for treating addiction to these types of drugs yet Behavioral therapies can help motivate drug addicts to participate in drug therapy, teach ways to avoid drugs and prevent relapse, offer ways to cope with drug cravings, and help individuals in dealing with relapse if it occurs.
Drug addicts often suffer from other health, legal, occupational, social problems that should be addressed alongside. The best treatment for such patients is a combination of behavioral therapies and medications.